Forward vs. Pittard (1785) 1 TR 27

Case Name: Forward v. Pittard (1785) 1 Term Reports 27 (1 TR 27) Jurisdiction: England and Wales Judgement: The judgment in this case established that events caused by the elementary forces of nature, such as storms, tempests, lightning, or extraordinary high tides, fall under the category of an “act of God.” In this case, the … Read more

Smith vs Egginton (7 Adolphus & Ellis 167 (1837))

Case Name: Smith vs Egginton Citation: 7 Adolphus & Ellis 167 (1837) Jurisdiction: England and Wales Judgement: The judgment in this case established the legal principle that an act becomes a trespass if it was initially intended to cause harm or if it is conducted illegally. Specifically, it emphasized that if a party’s actions show … Read more