Chisholm v. Doulton [1890] 22 QBD 736.

Case Name:- Chisholm v. Doulton Citation:- [1890] 22 QBD 736. Jurisdiction:- United Kingdom (UK) Judgment:- The judgment found that a master cannot be held criminally responsible for acts committed by a servant without the master’s knowledge or authorization, in accordance with the principle “Actus non facit reum, Nisi mens sit rea” (An act does not … Read more

R Vs. Scofield P.C. 1028

Case Name:- R vs. Scofield Citation:– P.C. 1028 Jurisdiction:- This case falls under the jurisdiction of the Privy Council. Judgment:- Nature of the Case: The case involved allegations against Mr. Scofield for a criminal offense where intent played a crucial role. Key Issue: The central contention was whether mere intent, without the actual commission of … Read more

“Actus non facit reum, Nisi mens sit rea”(“An act does not make a person guilty, unless there is a guilty mind.”)

“Actus non facit reum, Nisi mens sit rea” (“An act does not make a person guilty, unless there is a guilty mind.”) Introduction:- In the realm of law, there exists a profound Latin maxim: “Actus non facit reum, Nisi mens sit rea.” Translated, it means, “An act does not make a person guilty, unless there … Read more

Robinson vs. Davidson LR 6 Ex 269

Case Name:– Robinson vs. Davidson Citation:– LR 6 Ex 269 Jurisdiction:– Court of Exchequer Judgment Summary:– Historical Background:- Legal Framework in the 19th Century: During the 19th century, contract law was undergoing significant development, transitioning from a more rigid application of contractual obligations to a more nuanced understanding of implied conditions and fairness. The legal … Read more

Baily Vs. De Crespigny LR 4 QB 180 (185)

Case Name:– Baily Vs. De Crespigny Citation:– LR 4 QB 180 (185) Jurisdiction:– England and Wales (Queen’s Bench Division) Judgment:– The judgment discussed the principle that an “act of God” does not per se excuse a party’s breach of contract, emphasizing that the absence of contract terms addressing such unforeseen events determines whether non-performance is … Read more

Breeknock Co. vs. Pritchard (6 TR 750)

Case Name: Breeknock Co. vs. Pritchard Citation: 6 Term Reports 750 (6 TR 750) Jurisdiction: English courts Judgment:-The case involved a contract for building and maintaining a bridge over a river for a fixed term. A severe flood, considered an “act of God,” destroyed the bridge within the specified timeframe. The court ruled that despite … Read more

Paradine vs. Jane (1647) Aleyn 26, 82 Eng. Rep. 897

Case Name: Paradine v. Jane Citation: (1647) Aleyn 26, 82 Eng. Rep. 897 Jurisdiction: England Judgement: The judgement in this case upheld the principle that if a party voluntarily imposes a duty upon themselves through a contract, they are bound to fulfill that duty, even if unforeseen circumstances prevent them from doing so. Abstract: Paradine … Read more

Ashby vs. White (1730) 2 Ld Raym 938

Case Name: Ashby v. White Citation: (1730) 2 Ld Raym 938 Jurisdiction: England (United Kingdom) Judgement: The court held that Matthew Ashby had a legal right to vote according to the laws at that time. However, James White, a constable, unfairly denied him this right by preventing him from voting. The court emphasized the principle … Read more

Collins v. Collins (1858) 53 E.R. 916

Case Name: Collins v. Collins Citation: (1858) 53 E.R. 916 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Judgement: The judgement in the case of Collins v. Collins (1858) 53 E.R. 916 clarified that the arbitration clause in the agreement was valid and binding. It also established that an umpire was not necessary for the arbitration process unless explicitly … Read more