Section 115 of the Civil Procedure Code (CPC)
Section 115 of the Civil Procedure Code (CPC) is an important legal provision in India that allows for revision or correction by a higher court when certain substantial errors occur during legal proceedings. Let’s break it down into simpler terms:
- Revision of Decisions: Section 115 provides a way to ask a higher court to review or ‘revise’ decisions made by lower courts. It’s like giving people a chance to say, “Wait, let’s check if everything was done fairly and correctly.”
- Substantial Errors: You can use this section if you believe the lower court made a big mistake, especially about things that strongly affect the case’s outcome. It’s like saying, “The game wasn’t fair because the main rules were misunderstood!”
- Limits on Revision: However, not every small mistake can be questioned using this section. It’s only for significant mistakes that had a big impact on the case. It’s like making sure only really important issues get a second look.
In a nutshell, Section 115 of the CPC is a safety net to ensure that if a big error occurs during a legal game, the higher-ups can step in and make things right.