Indian Constitution, Article 21: Right to life and personal liberty.
Article 21 of the Indian Constitution is a fundamental right that plays a crucial role in safeguarding the rights and freedoms of individuals. It states, “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to the procedure established by law.”
In simpler terms, Article 21 guarantees every person the right to life and personal liberty, ensuring that no one can be denied these rights unless there is a valid legal process. This means that no one can take away your life or freedom unless there is a fair and lawful process in place.
Over the years, the interpretation of Article 21 by the courts has expanded to include various aspects that ensure not only physical freedom but also the right to live with human dignity. It encompasses the right to privacy, protection from torture and cruel or inhuman treatment, and the right to a pollution-free environment, among other things. Overall, Article 21 is a fundamental pillar that upholds the rights and dignity of every individual in India.