Guidelines to Protect Fundamental Rights During Arrests and Detentions:
- Right to be Informed:
- The police must inform the arrested person of the reasons for their arrest. Knowing the charges against them is their right.
- Right to Silence:
- The arrested person has the right to remain silent and not answer any questions. They cannot be forced to say anything that might be used against them later.
- Right to Legal Help:
- The arrested person can ask for a lawyer, and the police must allow them to meet and consult with their lawyer. The lawyer can help and support them during the legal process.
- Right to Inform Family:
- The arrested person can tell their family or a friend about the arrest. The police must inform a family member or a friend about the arrest if the arrested person wishes.
- Right to Medical Examination:
- The arrested person should be medically examined by a doctor. This examination should happen at regular intervals to make sure they are healthy and well during detention.
- Witness During Arrest:
- The arrest should be made in the presence of a witness. The witness can be a family member or a respected person from the community. This helps ensure that the arrest is done properly and fairly.
These guidelines were put in place to make sure that everyone’s rights are respected, and they are treated fairly during arrests and detentions. Respecting these rights is important to maintain fairness and justice in the legal system.